|Sustainability Plan / Biodiversity / Strategy|
|goal 1||To achieve a greater understanding of biodiversity, its importance, how it is threatened and how to protect and restore it.|
|goal 2||To protect and restore remnant natural ecosystems.|
|goal 3||To protect sensitive species and their habitats and support their recovery in San Francisco.|
|goal 4||To maximize habitat value in developed and naturalistic areas, both public and private.|
|goal 5||To collect, organize, develop and utilize current and historic information on habitats and biodiversity.|
|To achieve a greater understanding of biodiversity, its importance, how it is threatened and how to protect and restore it.|
|1-A. The public, city staff, business community and
academic community have become ecologically literate.
1-B. Biodiversity is taught throughout the city.
1-C. Ecology, biodiversity, stewardship concepts and hands-on activities have been more thoroughly integrated into the State’s educational framework and into the city’s curriculum.
|1-1. Ecology, biodiversity, stewardship concepts and
hands-on activities have been integrated into curricula of all grade levels in San
1-2. A curriculum for local biodiversity has been developed.
1-3. A hands-on habitat restoration program for students that uses natural areas as a framework has been developed.
1-4. Teacher-training workshops that introduce ways of integrating local natural areas into curriculum have been made accessible to all San Francisco teachers.
1-a. Create a San Francisco biodiversity event that involves the whole community.
1-b. Educate the public about biodiversity issues:
1-c. Create public forums for discussing biodiversity issues.
1-d. Develop extension courses, symposia and lectures about local biodiversity.
1-e. Establish volunteer opportunities in which the public, the business community and students can participate.
1-f. Provide hands-on activities, including native plant propagation, ecological monitoring, and invasive-plant removal, for resident stewardship on both private and public lands.
1-g. Create a network of resident community groups that work toward the protection of local biodiversity.
1-h. Expand and publicize a city naturalist program.
1-i. Increase the discreet use of interpretive signs that describe natural features in the City’s parks and natural areas.
1-j. Educate and train in biodiversity protection all city workers involved with land management. Revise civil service tests and job descriptions as necessary to assure that those responsible for open space management are qualified to give adequate consideration to biodiversity.
1-k. Develop native plant propagation programs in schools to encourage an early appreciation of native species and their interactions.
1-l. Develop biodiversity activity kits and other aids to biodiversity instruction for the use of teachers.
1-m. Disseminate information about biodiversity-related education opportunities (such as lectures, classes, workshops, plant sales, education packets, and volunteer opportunities) through the development of a comprehensive resource directory.
|To protect and restore remnant natural ecosystems.|
2-A. Significant natural areas are sustained by natural process and human stewardship as needed.
2-B. All watershed lands are protected and enhanced.
2-C. All privately owned natural areas within city limits have been publicly acquired or secured by conservation easements.
2-D. San Francisco’s efforts to protect natural habitat are coordinated with the policies and practices of related organizations (such as the Recreation and Parks Department, National Park Service).
2-E. Remnant natural ecosystems are monitored to make sure the appropriate management actions are being implemented for their sustainability.
2-1. Biologists have been hired by the city, and relevant scientific expertise is brought to bear on projects initiated through city departments with jurisdiction over natural areas (such as the Recreation and Park Department, the Department of Public Works, and the Water Department).
2-2. All environment regulations are strictly enforced.
2-3. The Significant Natural Resource Areas Management Plan has been implemented.
2-4. Regional local stewardship programs for natural areas have been established.
2-5. Policy 13 of the Recreation and Open Space Element of the Master Plan has been implemented.
2-6. A framework for monitoring management actions has been developed.
2-7. San Francisco Public Utilities Commission watershed lands are managed to protect natural systems.
2-8. Invasive plant species are continually controlled in natural areas.
2-9. All city-owned natural areas are managed by a single management agency.
2-10. Remnant natural areas have been identified, and necessary work on their management and restoration has been prioritized.
2-11. Wildlife corridors have been identified and plans for their enhancement are in place.
2-a. Integrate The Recreation and Park Department’s Significant Natural Resource Area plans with other appropriate plans, such as those of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, the Water Districts and the Department of Public Works.
2-b. Create a bioregional council (including San Mateo County) to coordinate the stewardship of populations of organisms in a larger context.
2-c. Identify and acquire natural-area properties.
2-d. Establish a system of baseline ecological monitoring of the plant and animal species of San Francisco.
2-e. Collect scientifically valid information that will allow staff biologists to evaluate the effects of management actions on biodiversity.
2-f. Establish sources for the propagation of native plants from local genetic stock, for use in agency lands and for resale to individuals.
2-g. Remove the worst invasive plant species from high-priority natural areas.
2-h. Ban the sale and use of the worst invasive plants, such as French broom and pampas grass.
2-i. Begin to enhance wildlife corridors, with for example:
|To protect sensitive species and their habitats and support their recovery in San Francisco.|
|3-A. An effective remedial policy for protecting sensitive
species has been put in place.
3-B. Sensitive species have achieved viable population levels.
3-C. Some targeted “extirpated” species have been reintroduced.
3-D. Habitat is managed appropriately. City and other actions that may have an impact on sensitive species are continually monitored and negative actions stopped.
3-E. Effective mitigation work is done in a sensitive and timely way, so that no habitat destruction is allowed in areas where there are sensitive species.
|3-1. Sensitive species conservation efforts have been
coordinated between city and regional groups (including local residents, environmental
organizations, schools, universities, and management agencies).
3-2. Sensitive species and their habitats within the city have been identified.
3-3. Extirpated species that are possible candidates for reintroduction have been identified.
|3-a. Develop a plan of action to conserve sensitive
3-b. Identify extirpated species and consider possible reintroduction.
3-c. [See action 1-f]
[1-f. Provide hands-on activities, including native plant propagation, ecological monitoring, and invasive-plant removal, for resident stewardship on both private and public lands.]
|To maximize habitat value in developed and naturalistic areas, both public and private.|
|4-A. Habitat corridors and water resources are preserved
4-B. Environmental master plans for parks, watershed lands, urban habitat corridors, and various developed urban areas are implemented.
4-C. Public education to protect the biodiversity of aquatic systems has resulted in an end to harmful storm drain and sewage discharges.
4-1. Environmental master plans for parks, watershed lands, urban habitat corridors, and various developed urban areas have been developed.
4-2. Municipal agencies have developed and begun implementing an integrated pest management and minimal-herbicide-use policy.
4-3. A network of wildlife corridors that link significant habitat areas with naturalistic areas has been identified and is being developed with appropriate plantings and other measures.
4-4. Habitat areas are protected from inappropriate traffic disturbances.
4-5. Wildlife-friendly landscapes are more common on public and private land.
4-6. Sales of plants listed by the City as beneficial to wildlife, particularly those indigenous to San Francisco, have increased.
4-7. A city program has been developed that mitigates the impact of invasive exotic species and domestic and feral animals on indigenous plants and animals.
4-a. Adopt land management practices beneficial to biodiversity, such as planting vegetation with wildlife value and incorporating the needs of migrating birds.
4-b. Lobby adoption of land management practices beneficial to biodiversity by state and federal agencies.
4-c. Develop strategies to work with land managers, including private homeowners, to minimize the use of pesticides and herbicides and promote alternative strategies.
4-d. Promote the sale and availability of indigenous plants that are beneficial to wildlife.
4-e. Develop a public-private partnership to expand the availability of indigenous plants.
4-f. Ban the use of invasive plants by city agencies.
4-g. Include sensitivity to biodiversity as part of the planning criteria for landscaping of the City’s open spaces.
4-h. Educate the public about spaying, neutering, and keeping pets indoors.
4-i. Provide low-cost neutering.
4-j. Take potential impacts of biological control agents into account before their introduction.
4-k. Adopt city policies to require that no pesticides, herbicides, or other materials be used without testing for safety to humans and other animals.
4-l. Eliminate landscape work at times of year in which it might be harmful to nesting birds or other wildlife, or to native-plant reproduction.
|To collect, organize, develop and utilize current and historic information on habitats and biodiversity.|
|5-A. All biodiversity information collected is available
5-B. All biodiversity information collected is used in an ongoing fashion in management decisions.
|5-1. The collection and organization of a biological
inventory of the city’s natural areas and biodiversity has begun.
5-2. Partnerships between individuals, community groups, city agencies and institutions to share research and expertise have been developed.
5-3. Ecological monitoring has been incorporated into all aspects of biodiversity planning and policy implementation.
5-4. Biodiversity and natural-areas data are available to the public via the Internet and at libraries and resource centers.
|5-a. Develop incentives for universities, colleges,
and other higher-education groups to conduct research on San Francisco biodiversity.
5-b. Conduct annual biodiversity audits of the City on a region-by-region basis, taking advantage of organizations already collecting such data (e.g., The Audubon Society and the California Native Plant Society), and including other organizations, such as the schools, universities, city departments and resident community groups.
5-c. Establish a mechanism, secure funding and identify a lead agency to ensure that data on the City’s natural areas and biodiversity is collected, organized, continually updated and disseminated.