|Sustainability Plan / Solid Waste / Strategy|
|goals||To convert our waste-minded culture and attitudes to a resource-efficient ethic.|
To maximize sustainable uses of natural resources and to eliminate solid waste generation.
|long-term objectives||Waste Generators|
|To convert our waste-minded culture and attitudes
to a resource-efficient ethic.
To maximize sustainable uses of natural resources and to eliminate solid waste generation.
|A. The San Francisco population has been educated about the value of natural resources and motivated to reduce their consumption and disposal.|
|A-1. Public education programs have been expanded -- targeting students, residents, workers, and visitors -- demonstrating the value of natural resources and instilling a resource-efficient ethic.|
A-a. Continue working with homeowner associations,
neighborhood groups, building managers, and recycling providers to encourage residents
A-b. Increase the use of hands-on environmental education in schools to promote the value of natural resources and the need for waste prevention and recycling.
A-c. Expand “shop environmentally” programs to increase consumer awareness about resource-efficient products and packaging.
A-d. Develop waste reduction training and education programs for businesses.
A-e. Educate visitors about San Francisco’s recycling
A-f. Advertise and promote the successes of city-wide
efforts to reduce disposal and increase waste reduction and recycling.
A-g. Promote community-based programs that recycle materials, provide jobs for disadvantaged individuals, and educate residents about waste prevention.
A-h. Educate designers, architects, and contractors about resource-efficient design and building for reuse and recyclability.
A-i. Increase the use of multi-lingual educational and promotional materials that focus on waste reduction.
|B. Per-capita waste generation has been reduced by 100%.|
|B-1. Per-capita waste generation has been reduced
B-2. 85% of households participate in a recycling program.
|B-a. Increase and publicize incentives to encourage
residential participation in recycling and waste-reduction programs.
B-b. Promote home composting and develop convenient composting options for apartment dwellers.
B-c. Encourage involvement in community-based composting projects such as community gardens.
|C. All San Francisco businesses and institutions have eliminated solid waste generation.|
|C-1. 75% of San Francisco businesses and institutions
participate in a recycling program.
C-2. The use of reusable products and packaging has increased.
C-a. Increase and publicize incentives to encourage commercial participation in recycling and waste-reduction programs.
C-b. Create a refuse rate structure that encourages commercial recycling and waste reduction.
C-c. Coordinate promotional and outreach messages
and technical assistance to businesses.
C-d. Gather and publicize success stories on how much money local businesses and institutions have saved by systematically implementing recycling and waste-reduction programs.
C-e. Promote San Francisco as a business-friendly community by:
C-f. Encourage suppliers to ship goods in returnable
C-g. Organize a summit between manufacturers, recyclers, and materials suppliers to discuss ways to incorporate “design for recycling” into product development.
C-h. Update The Bay Area Green Pages and promote environmentally friendly businesses.
C-i. Increase use of diaper services at institutional settings (such as hospitals and clinics).
C-J. Require newspaper and magazine distributors with public boxes to recycle over-issue publications.
C-k. Develop an educational program focused on fast-food packaging alternatives.
C-l. Develop procurement policies that require
minimal packaging, and reusable and returnable packaging.
C-m. Develop green purchasing criteria and distribute
it to businesses and institutions.
|D. City government is a model of resource efficiency and it lobbies, coordinates, and leads others to achieve sustainability.|
|D-1. City government purchases only paper products
with an average of 50% post-consumer recycled content.
D-2. City government diverts 60% of its current waste generation.
D-3. City government has increased the promotion of the City’s accomplishments to the community.
D-4. All City departments participate in a recycling program.
D-a. Pass a resolution that calls on the City to be a model of waste reduction and recycling.
D-b. Develop specifications for products that contain
at least 50% post-consumer recycled content.
D-c. Create financial incentives for departments that recycle and reduce waste, including a system whereby disposal cost savings are passed through to individual departments.
D-d. Develop a tracking system for city departments to document and quantify waste reduction.
D-e. Increase internal and external publicity and promotion of San Francisco’s accomplishments in the areas of recycling, waste reduction, and recycled-product purchasing through a multi-media educational campaign.
D-f. Systematically incorporate attentiveness to recycling, waste reduction, and purchase of recycled or reused products into job descriptions and performance evaluations.
D-g. Organize meetings of department leaders to promote sharing of information about department accomplishments.
|E. Litter and illegal dumping have been eliminated in San Francisco.|
|E-1. The volume of litter generated and materials illegally dumped in San Francisco has been reduced by 50%.|
E-a. Increase the enforcement of litter and illegal dumping laws.
E-b. Increase the penalties for illegal dumping, particularly of hazardous materials.
E-c. Increase the number and visibility of public trash receptacles, and increase collection frequency.
E-d. Require litter clean-up programs for public institutions and properties.
E-e. Continue school-sponsored neighborhood clean-up events.
E-f. Create a hot-line for reports of illegal dumping.
E-g. Create a reward program for those reporting illegal dumping (where the dumping is ultimately prosecuted).
E-h. Expand Clean San Francisco campaigns into several languages.
E-i. Expand promotions of the existing “free neighborhood cleanup” program.
E-j. Reduce litter and other negative environmental impacts from trucks transporting materials to and from the City’s transfer station and other large material processing facilities; consider less-polluting alternatives to diesel recycling and refuse-hauling trucks.
|F. San Francisco maintains a diverse and competitive reuse, repair, and recycling infrastructure (That is, more materials are reprocessed and more methods are used to collect them and restore them to a useful condition).|
|F-1. The diversity of options for recovering materials has increased and systems have been created that make it easier to recycle.|
F-1-a. Expand the variety of materials accepted for curbside recycling.
F-1-b. Ensure access by all neighborhoods to full-service recycling and reuse centers.
F-1-c. Allow small businesses to participate in the residential curbside recycling collection program.
F-1-d. Increase the availability of recycling in apartment buildings.
F-1-e. Increase salvage operations at the City’s transfer station, including salvage of materials collected by the neighborhood cleanup program.
F-1-f. Provide incentives and/or subsidies for collection and processing of low-value recyclable and/or reusable materials when viable markets for these materials exist.
F-1-g. Promote and/or expand local and statewide waste exchanges.
F-1-h. Install beverage-container recycling receptacles on or next to every public trash bin (if an appropriate design can be identified).
|F-2. The legal and regulatory environment promotes maximum source reduction and recovery of materials.|
F-2-a. Utilize progressive enforcement measures (education, warnings, citations) to ensure that recyclable materials are not placed in the garbage. Enforce compliance with city requirements regarding waste reduction and recycling.
F-2-b. Create refuse collection and disposal rate structures and recycling fee structures that encourage waste reduction, recycling, composting and reuse.
F-2-c. Provide the City’s Refuse Rate Board with the authority to regulate commercial refuse collection rates (since there is a de facto exclusive commercial refuse collection franchise).
F-2-d. Consider increasing the cost to dispose of garbage, potentially through:
(Consider and/or mitigate the impacts of any disposal rate increases on recycling and reuse businesses.)
F-2-e. Consider incentives for permitted refuse haulers to reduce the tonnage of material landfilled, including linking profit margins to reductions in tonnage of material landfilled.
F-2-f. Require businesses and institutions that generate a substantial weekly volume of waste to perform a solid waste audit, consistent with ISO 14000 standards. Make renewal of business licenses contingent on performance of such an audit and development of a plan to reduce waste. (ISO 14000 standards are voluntary international standards devised by the International Standards Organization [Geneva, Switzerland] that establish environmental management system methodologies and review process.)
F-2-g. Consider removing legal impediments in local regulations that restrict competition among commercial recycling service providers.
F-2-h. Encourage standardized permitting and land application regulations for organic materials, including treated sewage sludge, at the state level.
F-2-i. Consider requirements for retail outlets to accept packaging materials from consumers for recycling.
F-2-j. Lobby to include reusable containers in California’s beverage-container deposit law.
F-2-k. Mandate collection of recyclables as well as garbage if economic incentives and education programs fail to achieve diversion goals.
|F-3. The number, use, and awareness of repair facilities has increased.|
|F-3-a. Provide funding and technical support to reuse
and repair businesses.
F-3-b. Develop more jobs-skills training opportunities in repair businesses, especially for disadvantaged individuals, perhaps through high school or community college trade programs.
F-3-c. Invest in development of new recycling/reuse technology (market development).
|F-4. The recovery of organic materials has increased.|
F-4-a. Develop commercial-sector food-waste recovery programs.
F-4-b. Expand promotions of edible food recovery and redistribution programs.
F-4-c. Develop a residential yard-waste collection program.
F-4-d. Educate and provide financial incentives for landscaping contractors and other generators to recover organic material.
F-4-e. Pursue direct land application and/or co-composting of treated sewage sludge for use in soil recovery projects and other agricultural uses.
F-4-f. Support development of a statewide organics market.
|G. The San Francisco economy employs sustainable uses of paper and other materials.|
|G-1. Paper purchases have decreased and the portion of those purchases that contain recycled material has increased.|
G-1-a. Develop a demonstration project highlighting ways to achieve a paper-efficient office.
G-1-b. Educate businesses about the availability, costs, and benefits of using recycled and alternative-fiber paper.
G-1-c. Increase the City’s minimum-content requirements for recycled paper and institute options for alternative-fiber paper purchasing and use.
G-1-d. Require City contractors to use recycled-content paper and other recycled products in work provided to the City.
G-1-e. Create incentives for retailers to aggressively market recycled-content products.
G-1-f. Continue recycled-products vendor fairs.
G-1-g. Consider lobbying for increased postal rates for bulk mail to decrease junk mail; consider lobbying to give residents and businesses the option of blocking receipt of certain types of third-class mail.
G-1-h. Consider restrictions on hand-delivered advertising left on residential and commercial doorsteps.
|G-2. An infrastructure that preserves the highest value of recovered paper and other materials has been created.|
|G-2-a. Promote the value of source separation to generators
of waste-paper and other discards.
G-2-b. Include non-profit organizations (such as sheltered workshops) in material-processing programs to upgrade recycled materials to their highest and best use.
|H. Only resource-efficient building practices are used in San Francisco (including for construction, demolition, and rehabilitation).|
|H-1. The salvage and reuse of construction and demolition materials has increased.|